How To Calculate Freight Class For Density Based Items
Most all major LTL trucking companies choose to participate in the National Motor Freight Classification NMFC, which is the widely accepted standard for classifying freight and for packaging requirements. Here’s a snippet from the NMFTA’s website explaining who must participate in the NMFC.
Since most of the major trucking companies in the US choose to participate, it’s important to understand the simple calculations involved for density based items under this standard.
Below is an example of how to correctly calculate freight class for any items that fall under a density category in the NMFC. Several categories of items are density based such as plastic articles, lighting fixtures, and various sporting goods products.
Step 1. Multiply the length X width X height in inches of each pallet or crate you’re shipping and add the total/s together.
Step 2. Divide that total by 1728 (This converts inches into cubic feet).
Step 3. Now take the total weight and divide that by the total cubic feet.
Example. 2 pallets at 48x48x48 and 300 lbs each pallet
48x48x48 x2 = 221,184
221,184/1728 = 128 Cubic Feet
300 lbs x 2 = 600 lbs / 128 Cube = 4.68 or 4.68 PCF (lbs per cubic foot)
Step 4. Find the PCF listed on the class chart below and viola you have successfully calculated your freight class!
|400||Less than 1 PCF|
|300||1 but less than 2 PCF|
|250||2 but less than 4 PCF|
|150||4 but less than 6 PCF|
|125||6 but less than 8 PCF|
|100||8 but less than 10 PCF|
|92.5||10 but less than 12 PCF|
|85||12 but less than 15 PCF|
|70||15 or greaterPCF|